Until recently, giraffes were widely recognized as a single species with several sub-species, but new findings now indicate there are four distinct giraffe species.
The findings, reported on May 5, 2021, in the peer-reviewed scientific journal, Current Biology, make a strong case for recognizing the four giraffe species. The report says this would be a major step in protecting each species, some of which are under great threat in the wild.
The researchers, who authored the study, point out that a consensus on the number of giraffe species was paramount incorrectly assessing their individual conservation status and afford each species adequate protection based on their level of threat on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List.
The latest estimates by the Giraffe Conservation Foundation (GCF) show there are only 117,000 giraffes surviving in Africa. This leaves only one giraffe for every four African elephants in the wild. Giraffe numbers have dropped by almost 30 percent over the last three decades as a result of habitat loss and fragmentation, poaching, disease, civil war, and climate change.
“However, it is important to note that numbers vary greatly between the four species as does the level of threat they face. Some giraffe species are in serious trouble while others are doing relatively well,” GCF adds in a statement.
The research group has collaboratively analyzed giraffe genetics for more than a decade; initially, to find out how similar or dissimilar giraffes in Africa were to each other.
“To put our results into perspective, the genetic differences between the distinct giraffe species are similar to those between polar and brown bears,” says Dr. Axel Janke, a geneticist at the Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre and Goethe University in Germany.
In the new study, the collaborative research team which included other experts from the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and ITMO University, examined evidence taken from skin biopsies of a subset of more than 1,000 giraffes collected by the GCF and its partners throughout Africa over the last two decades.
The extensive sampling includes populations from all nine previously recognized giraffe subspecies, including remote locations and areas of civil unrest.
The new analysis confirms four highly distinct groups of giraffes, which seemingly do not mate with each other in the wild. The four species include the Maasai giraffe, the northern giraffe, the reticulated giraffe, and the southern giraffe.
Both southern and northern giraffes have two and three distinct subspecies, namely Angolan and South African giraffe for southern giraffe, and Kordofan, Nubian, and West African giraffe for the northern giraffe. It is likely that Zambia’s Luangwa giraffe is a subspecies of the Maasai giraffe. A more detailed analysis is still required along with other Maasai giraffes across their range in East Africa.
The researchers stress that the results have significant conservation implications, noting that similar to the recent IUCN Red List announcement of two species of the African elephant, it is important that giraffes get assessed separately for each species.
Giraffes as one species are currently listed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List, but separate assessments of each species would likely show three of the four species as endangered or critically endangered.
The director of GCF, Dr. Julian Fennessy, says: “We estimate that there are less than 6,000 northern giraffes remaining in the wild. Their numbers have declined by more than 90 percent in the last 35 years. As a species, they are one of the most threatened large mammals in the world and we need to urgently increase our protection efforts of this species before it is too late. The conservation implications of this genetic research are immense, and it would be ignorant to ignore these new findings. It’s time to act now!”
“Giraffe is assumed to have similar ecological requirements across their range,” he added, “but no one really knows, because this megafauna has been largely overlooked by science. More conservation research is urgently needed to help us understand more about giraffe ecology across their range.”
Ziwa Rhino Sanctuary is managed by Uganda wildlife Authority and is located in the district of Nakasongola north of Kampala the capital city of Uganda on Kampala – Gulu highway, the same route takes you to Murchison falls national park.
By road, the distance is about 180km on a good road, and takes about 3hrs from Kampala to Ziwa Rhino Sanctuary which is relatively half way drive to Murchison falls national park one of Uganda’s biggest national parks this means that Ziwa is within the Murchison falls conservation area.
The sanctuary is famously known as a home to the only remaining endangered Rhinos. During the 90’s, Uganda had a bigger number of Rhinos, but later when the war broke out during the 1970’s, this resulted to massive poaching and the killing of this animal leading to their destruction and by 1983, there was almost nothing left of the Rhinos species in the wild.
After this incident in 2005, the Rhino Fund Uganda and Uganda wild life Authority a government bodies established Ziwa Rhino Sanctuary, and the rhinos where re-introduced in this place, where they trying to put them back in place before being introduced to the national parks in Uganda. The ranch also provides tight security at all time for 24hours guiding these animals in case of any attack, so you are sure of safe security while at Ziwa Rhino sanctuary.
Ziwa Rhino sanctuary is the only place to trek wild Rhinos in Uganda, the other Rhinos are found at Uganda wildlife education center (former Zoo) in Entebbe. On arrival at the sanctuary, you will be given a briefing from your ranger guide on how to behave while on this Rhino trek. It is very critical that you heed to the ranger’s instructions while on the trek because Rhinos can be aggressive if they sense a need to defend themselves. Depending on the location of the Rhinos, you may need to drive closer to their location before you start the trek to reduce on the distance. Your ranger guide will share different information on the behavior of Rhinos and how you ought to behave while as you trek. Not only that, the sanctuary also offers a lot of more other activities besides rhino tracking including;
The Ranch is also a home to a lot of bird species, Reptiles and also harbor’s over 40 mammal species which has enabled activities around the ranch including; game viewing and the nature walks activities around the sanctuary. Besides the rhinos, there other animals such as elephants, antelopes, crocodiles, hippos, monkeys and many more. There are many activities that you can engage in while at Ziwa Rhino sanctuary so you are sure of a great time while visiting the home of the rhinos.
Gorillas are non-territorial and live in groups called troops that generally consist of 1 to 4 adult males (called silverbacks), some juvenile males (called black backs), several adult females & young.
It is not possible to generalize the diet of all gorillas. There are two species with two subspecies each, and they all inhabit different areas.
Mountain gorillas spend about a quarter of their day eating mainly leaves and shoots but have also been known to eat snails, ants and bark (a good source of sodium).
Gorillas eat leaves, stems, fruits, bark and buds, and occasionally small invertebrates like ants, worms, termites, and larvae.
Infants are in almost constant contact with their mothers for the first 6 months and nurse for about 2.5 to 3 years. Although the silverback is the troop’s guardian and can be the most aggressive troop member it can also be patient and gentle with the young.
Gorillas start to crawl at around two months old and learn to cling to their mothers’ backs before learning to walk at around nine months. At four months, they’re experts at grasping their mothers’ fur and can eat and sleep on piggyback.
Need to blow off some steam? This exciting Breeze the Nile experience Jinja trip is what you need!
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✔️ Accommodation in 4* hotel
✔️ Meals on Half board
✔️ A visit to Ssezibwa Falls
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Breeze Travel & Safari Unveils ‘Eid Special’ Packages In Dubai’s Most Fancy & Luxurious Hotels: Check Out The Packages
As the world prepares to celebrate the end of the holy month Ramathan for our Moslem brothers and sisters, Breeze Travel and safaris has unveiled luxurious but affordable packages dubbed ‘Eid Special In Dubai to enable you make special memories this year in Dubai’s most fancy and luxurious Hotels.
In a bid to enable you have more fun and memories in one of the top cities in the world, this year’s packages have been extended for three months and will run from this month (may to August 2021 ) and bookings, reservations can be done at your convenience any time as well as pay in installments through our available payment options which our team will handle beyond your expectations.
Known for our experience and the best customer care services, breeze travel and safaris would also like to remind you that these packages are open to not only Moslems but all our clients interested in traveling and have the fun that we prepared for them this year.
This Year’s packages include, 6 nights’ accommodation with Breakfast in Dubai’s four- and five-star hotels according to your preferences in addition to 5% VAT and all taxes and tourism Dirham plus return airport transfers.
Breeze Travel and safaris will also offer you Dubai Mall shopping & evening fountain show with Half day modern city tour of Dubai with English speaking guide at your disposal to help you explore -Dubai aquarium, underwater zoo which includes tickets and return transfer with travel insurance
The best part of all this is you will get to enjoy world class cuisine made by top class chefs including BBQ, dinner buffet, drinks etc. after the desert tours, camel ride with live entertainment with Belly Dancers to make this years’ experience unforgettable.
You surely can’t afford to miss these amazing offers! Travel with us and you won’t regret
Book now, Travel Later!
For more information please call or what’s app Us
☎ +256772587273 | 041 425 3255
Looking For Travel & Safari Partner In Uganda? Here Is Why You Need To Choose Breeze Travel and Safaris Ltd
Did you know that Breeze Travel and safaris is one of the most successful Travel companies in Uganda? Breeze Travel & Safaris Ltd is one of the best tour specialists in Uganda with over 19 years of experience in the tours and travel industry with a record of over 100,000 visitors under their East African planned vacations with each trip customized to meet their individual needs ranging from choosing and inspecting each of its suppliers and partners carefully, utilizing only the most reputable firms in the industry.
Therefore if you are planning for a safari or holiday in Uganda or out side Uganda, consider choosing breeze Travel and safaris and we shall fulfil your dream adventures and here is why;
Available Communication Platforms. Breeze Travel & Safaris have got both online and offline means of communicating with our clients who are interested in our products and services including a Website (www.breezetravel-safaris.ug) where you can inquire and book with immediate response all the time, Facebook page( Breeze Travel And Safaris Ltd), Twitter (Breeze Travel & Safaris Ltd) and Mobile phones which are available 24 hours, valid email address and our team is always alert to respond to you with utmost urgency.
Affordable prices: when it comes to affordable prices, Breeze travel & safaris have the best offers in Uganda for both domestic and international travel packages for our clients and we suggest to them best ranging from quality, luxury, midrange and affordable hotels and lodges basing on the financial status of our client and their requirements. In addition to the affordable prices, Breeze travel has got a wide range of online payments options including; visa and master cards, PesaPal, American Express and mobile money.
Add on Services: At Breeze Travel & safaris, we provide our clients with add on services like booking favorable hotels and lodges for accommodation, buying permits from the concerned authorities like Gorilla permits, booking for boats, car hire services, Air Ticketing, visa and visa advisory and travel insurance.
Correct Information: At Breeze Travel & safaris, what you see, is what you get when it comes to giving information to our clients depending on their preferences. we advise our clients on the Dos and Don’ts, what to bring for your safari, the conditions of the climate in the country you are going, and favorable routes to be used etc.
Best itineraries: with over 19 years of experience in the tours and travel industry, Breeze is able to provide with the best and suitable itineraries basing on the activities our clients require and time needed to be used on a safari by advising them on the flexibility of the itinerary basing on information that we provide on the destinations as required by our clients.
Book now, Travel Later!
For more information please call or what’s app Us
☎ +256772587273 | 041 425 3255
Breeze Travel & Safari Unveils ‘ Breeze Beyond The Nest’ Campaign- Check Out Luxurious Destinations & Packages
In a bid to boost Uganda’s tourism industry, Breeze Travel & Safaris has launched a domestic tourism campaign dubbed ‘ Breeze Beyond The Nest’ aimed at luring both Ugandans and foreigners into exploring the well endowed pearl of Africa as far as tourism sites and beautiful sceneries are concerned.
Uganda’s tourism industry has lagged behind despite the government efforts to promote it to the locals including hiring the good services of Ugandan celebrities to promote domestic tourism and here comes Breeze Travel and Safaris to bridge the gap.
- Murchison Falls National Park
In one of the trips Breeze Travel& Safaris has organized for its loyal customers include, Murchison Falls National Park, where the local tourists will be treated to ‘expert-guided luxury retreats and tours including two nights and three days where tourists will have full board accommodation, park entrance fees, boat cruise, game drives to see animals and birds and yoga classes in addition to partying till late by a professional DJ who will be hired right from Kampala, with bottles of champagne but this not all, the tourists will also have a professional photographer, who will be in charge of putting all the memories together.
Re-known for the World’s natural habitat, Murchison falls is also known for its narrow gorge commonly Known as the ‘’Devil’s Calderon’’, with a breathtaking roar of the Victoria Nile, view a spectacular rainbow formed due to numerous light rays that hit the banks of the falls while it Bisects the Park into 2parts.
- Queen Elizabeth National Park
This is yet another memorable and unforgettable trip to the Queen Elizabeth National Park in the western part of the Uganda and in Kasese district to be precise and its known for wild animals including tree climbing lions, elephants, buffaloes, hippos, and other wild animals in their natural habitat
Queen Elizabeth is also known for the Kazinga Channel, a natural channel between Lake Edward and Lake George and one of the dominant features which attracts a wide range of animals and birds with one of the world’s largest concentration of hippos and numerous Nile crocodiles
After the long day of touring around and a boat cruise our tourists will definitely be treated with a cultural performance by the Bakonjo tribe including traditional dances and songs as they get ready for Dinner and overnight at the Fancy Mweya safari lodge.
- Lake Mburo National Park
With a variety of animals such as zebras, impala, buffaloes, and over three hundred (300) bird species, Lake Mburo National Park is the smallest of Uganda’s Savannah national parks. Lying in the one part of Uganda covered in extensive acacia woodland, Mburo has markedly different fauna from other reserves.
Lake Mburo is the best place in the country to see the gigantic eland antelope, as well as zebra, impala, and several acacia associated birds. The five lakes within the park attract hippos, crocodiles and a variety of water birds, while fringing swamps hide secretive papyrus specialists such as the sitatunga antelope and red, black and yellow papyrus gonoleks.
Breeze Travel and Safaris Ltd is one of the best tour specialists in Uganda with over 19 years of experience in the tours and travel industry with a record of over 100,000 visitors under their East African planned vacations with each trip customized to meet their individual needs ranging from choosing and inspecting each of its suppliers and partners carefully, utilizing only the most reputable firms in the industry.